Types Of Termites
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There are over 2,000 termite species. However, only a few of these types exist in US homes. If you haven’t read about termites, different types would appear all the same to you.
Nonetheless, a closer look at their shapes, sizes and behavioral patterns will give you an insight into how they vary.
Below, we’ll take a closer look at different termite types.
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Drywood termites can be found anywhere around your home but not underground. Soldier termites are generally ⅜ inches long, whereas alates are around ½ inches.
They become more active during hotter climates. Therefore, the southern border of the US is their favorite place to exist and thrive.
Drywood termites have quite distinctive color variations. For instance, they can be anything between yellow, tan, dark brown, and pale brown in color. In fact, the winged alates can be grey or transparent.
Another characteristic that makes them unique among other termite species is what they feed on.
While they eat wood like other termites, they prefer harder wood layers than other species that love softer layers.
These termites eat any cellulose material in your home. However, they also devour trees and fences outdoors.
As the name implies, these termites originate from the deserts. However, that does not indicate they cannot exist in your home. Basically, they prefer dry and sandy areas, and if you’re located in one, they can creep into your home, too.
They build their colonies and thrive in favorable environmental conditions. If your property offers them one, they won’t hesitate to spread.
Because sunny areas are not naturally moist, these insects make saliva and soil granules to keep themselves damp.
One of the best ways to prevent infestation of these termites is to remain cautious when moving wood inside your home. Make sure you inspect it thoroughly as it may contain termites.
Also, if your garden has big trees, consider trimming their branches and tossing them away from your home.
These termites exist throughout the US – except Alaska – and southeastern Canada. Eastern subterranean termite is the most popular category among subterranean termites.
The worker termites are white, whereas the swarming termites are black or dark brown.
They are pretty small in length ranging somewhere between ⅜ to ½ inch. As such, they are not easily identifiable. In fact, an untrained eye would easily look past them without recognizing them as termites.
Subterranean termites leave visible mud tubes in your home walls, wallpapers, and wooden structures. Other telltale signs of its presence include blistered flooring and hollow-sounding wood.
The Formosan termite resides underground. They are also known as Formosan subterranean termites because they fall in the category of that particular species.
Although they originate from China, today, they are found in the US and different countries around the globe.
They are typically yellow-brown in color and exist in darker places to avoid predatory attacks. When they infest your home, they can be pretty destructive. They’ll eat any cellulose material from cardboard to paper and trees to wooden structures.
The Formosan termite colonies grow faster and are infamous for being destructive to properties.
As the name suggests, these termites love moisture and are found in damp wooden places. If your home is prone to leaks that keep the wood wet, you’ll likely get this type of termite.
What makes these termites different from other species is their size. They are larger than other termites. For instance, they range between ½ to ⅝ inches.
Further, they are brownish in color and have a longer, narrower body type. Dampwood termite colonies do not have workers. Instead, their younger termites are referred to as “false workers” who handle all the work for the colony.
If you want to keep your home from dampwood termite infestation, make sure you treat all the leaks and ensure water drains away from your property.
These termites are infamous for their aggressive soldiers. They are conical on the top of their head, making them creepier than other species. As with other termites, coneheads love cellulose structures.
They are quick to eat away trees and timber. Perhaps this explains why some natives call them “tree termites.”
Also, they are not specific about dry, wet, soft, or hard wood. Instead, they devour anything as long as it contains cellulose. Consequently, this puts your home, tool shed, garden, and fences at risk.
A professional termite exterminator Baltimore MD can spot these terrifying termites and apply solutions to target them right away.